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Arduino Board

Arduino Uno R3 the Computing Platform

Arduino is a trademark that manufactures microcontroller development board. Arduino UNO is one type of development board produced by Arduino, and the new series is arduino uno R3.

arduino-uno-r3-board

arduino-uno-r3-board

Arduino UNO R3 is a computing platform that is very easy to use. Arduino UNO R3 is ATmega328P microcontroller based. According datasheet from ATmega328P, Arduino UNO R3 has a 14 pin digital input / output, and 6 of them can be used as PWM output pin. Arduino UNO R3 also has 6 analog inputs, has a 16MHz crystal, a USB port which can be used to download the program, a power jack, a reset button, and ICSP header.

how to optimized the arduino uno r3

how to optimized the arduino uno r3

 

Arduino features shown in the diagram above. Arduino UNO R3 provide + 5V, 3.3V and GND pin as a power source if needed by sensors or other devices. Users can also use the SDA and SCL pins on the pin number 27 and 28. Features ADC (Analog to Digital Converter) can be used on 23-28 pins. While the interrupt feature can be used on pin number 4 and 5 (pin number 4 is int0 and pin number 5 is int1). Serial communication (RX and TX) is provided on pin numbers 2 and 3.

arduino uno r3 layout diagram

arduino uno r3 layout diagram

 

Arduino Uno R3 design is very simple to facilitate the user in using it. On the left we will see an electric jack socket. Power jack is compatible to the power supply voltage 9-12V. In addition, we will see the USB port to communicate with a computer, either in downloading a program or data transfer via USB. As an indicator, arduino provides 4 LEDs. 1 for the power indicator, two LED indicators for serial communication (RX and TX), and 1 other LED connected at pin 13.

 

arduino uno r3 microcontroller pin mapping

arduino uno r3 microcontroller pin mapping

 

The ATmega328 microcontroller datasheet shows the various features that can be used on the Arduino UNO R3.

 

arduino uno r3 board layout

arduino uno r3 board layout

Arduino Nano Datasheet and Tutorial

arduino-nano-configuration

arduino-nano-configuration

Arduino Nano is a function module which is very small but has a lot of advantages. The shape is very small so it is suitable to make a project that looks small. Arduino Nano is very special because of this support with breadboards. You can plug arduino and other electronic components in one breadborad. In the Arduino Nano 2.x version, still used avr ATmega168 microcontroller while the Arduino Nano 3.x version already used avr ATmega328 microcontroller.

arduino nano tutorial

arduino nano tutorial

Arduino Nano has features and functions similar to arduino Duemilanove. But Arduino Nano in different packaging. Arduino nano does not have a DC jack so that its power supplied through mini-B USB port or directly connect to the VCC pin and GND. Arduino Nano can be supplied with a voltage of 6-20V power source via USB mini-B port. Or you can provide a voltage of 5V on pin 30 (this voltage will not be adjusted by the regulator, so make sure you provide 5V voltage)

arduino nano pin configuration

arduino nano pin configuration

Arduino Nano Specifications:

MicrocontrollerAtmel ATmega168 or ATmega328
Operating Voltage (logic level)5 V
Input Voltage (recommended)7-12 V
Input Voltage (limits)6-20 V
Digital I/O Pins14 (of which 6 provide PWM output)
Analog Input Pins8
DC Current per I/O Pin40 mA
Flash Memory16 KB (ATmega168) or 32 KB (ATmega328) of which 2 KB used by bootloader
SRAM1 KB (ATmega168) or 2 KB (ATmega328)
EEPROM512 bytes (ATmega168) or 1 KB (ATmega328)
Clock Speed16 MHz
Dimensions0.73″ x 1.70″
Length45 mm
Width18 mm
Weigth5 g

 

 

arduino nano datasheet

arduino nano datasheet

In some cases, Arduino Nano has features that are more complete than arduino uno. Arduino Nano has 8 channel ADC (Analog to Digital Converter) while the Arduino Uno only has 6 channels. Through the RX and TX pins you can communicate serially with other devices. According datasheet ATmega328 AVR microcontroller, Arduino Nano has 2 pin interrupt, namely int0 and int1.

arduino nano pin input output configuration

arduino nano pin input output configuration

Overall, Arduino nano has 30 pins. The 8 pin of them (19-26 pin) are Analog pins (ADC). While the other 14 pins are Digital pins (Please see the picture above to see the position of digital and analog pins).

arduino nano connected to computer

arduino nano connected to computer

You have to write the source code for arduino nano on Arduino IDE sofftware. Then, you can download the program on an Arduino Nano using a USB-B cable.